In 1900, Montgomery, Alabama passed a city ordinance for the purpose of segregating bus passengers by race
Conductors had the power to assign seats to carry out that purpose; however, no passengers were required to move or give up their seat and stand if the bus was crowded and there were no other seats available.
Over time Montgomery bus drivers adopted the practice of requiring black riders to move or stand for whites.
Blacks had the ‘right’ to stay seated, but they had no support from law enforcement for exercising that right.
A right that isn’t enforced by law is useless.
In the South, when Blacks asserted any of their God-given rights under Federal law, the result was an arrest, a beating, or a murder.
“When he (the driver) saw me still sitting, he asked if I was going to stand up, and I said, ‘No, I’m not.’…
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